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  1. Berlowitz D, VanDeusen Lukas C, Parker V, et al. (Content last reviewed October 2014.) Preventing Pressure Ulcers in Hospitals: A Toolkit for Improving Quality of Care. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. Retrieved from
  2. Padula WV, Delarmente BA. The national cost of hospital-acquired pressure injuries in the United States. Int Wound J. 2019 Jun;16(3):634-640. doi: 10.1111/iwj.13071. Epub 2019 Jan 28. PMID: 30693644; PMCID: PMC7948545.
  3. AHRQ National Scorecard on Hospital-Acquired Conditions. Content last reviewed July 2020. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD https://www. (Link).
  4. Moore ZEH, Patton D. Risk assessment tools for the prevention of pressure ulcers. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2019, Issue 1. Art No.:CD006471. DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD006471.Pub4.
  5. Samuriwo R. & Dowding D (2014) Nurses’ pressure ulcer related judgements and decisions in clinical practice: A systematic review. Int J Nurs. 51(12):1667-85.
  6. Redelings, Matthew D et al. “Pressure ulcers: more lethal than we thought?” Advances in skin & wound care vol. 18.7 (2005): 367-72. doi: 10.1097/00129334- 200509000-00010.
  7. Baumgarten, Mona et al. “Black/White differences in pressure ulcer incidence in nursing home residents.” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society vol. 52.8 (2004): 1293-8. doi: 10.1111.j.1532-5415- 2004.52358.x.
  8. Gunowa, N et al. “Pressure Injuries in People with Dark Skin tones: A Literature Review.” Journal of Clinical Nursing, vol. 27, 2018, pp. 3266-75.
  9. European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel, National Pressure Injury Advisory Panel and Pan Pacific Pressure Injury Alliance. Prevention and Treatment of Pressure Ulcers/ Injuries: Quick Reference Guide. Emily Haesler (Ed.). EPUAP/NPIAP/PPPIA: 2019.
  10. Gershon, S. et al, Journal of Wound Care, Vol. 30, No. 1, 2021.
  11. Rose Raizman, Minette MacNeil, Laurie Rappl. Utility of a sensor-based technology to assist in the prevention of pressure ulcers: A clinical comparison, Int Wound J. 2018 Dec;15(6): 1033-1044.
  12. Moore Z. et al. (2019). The prevalence of pressure ulcers in Europe, what does the European data tell us: a systematic review. Journal of Wound Care. 28(11) 710-719 (Link).
  13. Smith, Zach. The Key to Technology Adoption on Hospital Departments. (
  14. Gefen, A., et al. (2020). Update to device-related pressure ulcers: SECURE prevention. COVID-19, face masks and skin damage. (Journal of Wound Care Vol 29, NO 5, May 2020.